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Terms starting with 'Y'
Y
A NASDAQ stock symbol specifying that a particular stock is an American Depositary Receipt (ADR).

Yankee Bond
A bond denominated in U.S. dollars and issued in the United States by foreign banks and corporations.

Yankee CD
A certificate of deposit (CD) issued in the U.S. market, typically in New York, by a branch of a foreign bank.

Yard
Slang for one billion units in currency.

Year
In taxation, year refers to the calendar year that runs from January 1st to December 31st. However, corporations can generally set the time period for which they report financial results to be different than the calendar year.

Year To Date - YTD
The period beginning January 1st of the current year up until today's date.

Yellow Knight
A company that was once making a takeover attempt but ends up discussing a merger with the target company.

Yellow Sheets
A U.S. bulletin that gives updated bid and ask prices as well as other information on OTC bonds.

Yield
The rate of income generated from a stock in the form of dividends, or the effective rate of interest paid on a bond, calculated by the coupon rate divided by the bond's market price. Furthermore, for any investment, yield is the annual rate of return expressed as a percentage.

Yield Curve
A graphic line chart that shows interest rates at a specific point for all securities having equal risk, but different maturity dates. For bonds, it typically compares the 2 or 5 year treasury with the 30 year.
Illustration for Yield Curve

Yield Elbow
The point on the yield curve indicating the year in which the economy's highest interest rates occur.


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Yield Equivalence
The interest rate on a taxable security that would render a return equivalent to that of a tax-exempt security, and vice versa.

Yield Maintenance
A prepayment premium that allows investors to attain the same yield as if the borrower made all scheduled mortgage payments until maturity.

Yield Pickup
A gain in yield achieved by selling one bond and buying another.

Yield to Call
The yield of a bond or note if you were to buy and hold the security until the call date. This yield is valid only if the security is called prior to maturity. The calculation of yield to call is based on the coupon rate, the length of time to the call date, and the market price.

Yield To Maturity - YTM
The rate of return anticipated on a bond if it is held until the maturity date. YTM is considered a long-term bond yield expressed as an annual rate. The calculation of YTM takes into account the current market price, par value, coupon interest rate and time to maturity. It is also assumed that all coupons are reinvested at the same rate. Sometimes this is simply referred to as "yield" for short.

Yield to Worst
The yield to maturity if the worst possible bond repayment takes place. If market yields are higher than the coupon, the yield to worst would assume no prepayment. If market yields are below the coupon, the yield to worst would assume prepayment. In other words, yield to worst assumes that market yields are unchanged.

Yo-Yo
Slang for a very volatile market.

YOY
An acronym that stands for Year Over Year.





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